How to write factual descriptions

Factual description of a process or an event requires a step by step account of an activity, experiment, procedure.

The ideas should be systematically presented with important points coming first followed by not-so-important points. Heading is an essential part of it and should be short and crisp.

Make a note of tenses used in your description as most often this is the place where students find greater difficulty in.


The language used should be semi-formal in nature. Try to be simple, attractive and appealing. Also try not to show your linguistic ability. You should make your factual description in such a way that it shows your attention to detail and observatory skills.


  • When did the event occur, venue of the event
  • Sequence of programme
  • Information about participants/chief guests/judges
  • Kind of organization, people responsible for programme/arrangements
  • Results, if describing a contest

Value points

PERSON based

  • Physical attributes
  • Intellectual and emotional qualities
  • Others’ perception about him/her
  • Any other relevant trait of him/her by use of an incident

PLACE based

  • Location
  • Dimensions
  • Special features about the place

OBJECT based

  • Physical description (colour, design, material used, etc)
  • Utility value
  • Special features about the object


You usually start writing factual descriptions by writing the TITLE at the centre and then following it with regular paragraphs.The factual descriptions would generally look like the following and for ease in organizing, I’ve marked areas so that you know how your content flows in the factual descriptions.

Format for Factual descriptions

Word limit

80 – 100 words is generally the prescribed word limit for factual descriptions. But, be sure of it by regularly consulting your teachers.


The following is an example of an object based factual description.


A washing machine is a convenient appliance that is used for washing clothes. The automatic washing machine has a central drum that is used for holding the clothes. There is a dispensing tray, where the detergent and additives can be put in. The control panel has knobs which control the temperature and allow users to select different modes of operation. The drum also helps to dry clothes by spinning like a centrifuge machine.

A washing machine is usually made of metal parts but some of them are reinforced plastic. They may be front opening or top loading.

(97 words) (The word count is for your information, not be written in examinations)

21 Responses to How to write factual descriptions

  1. misha October 5, 2012 at 6:11 pm #

    please write description in about 100 words on mobile phones and school bag

  2. rishabh October 5, 2012 at 10:33 pm #

    please write a description on how to make a tea or on any other recipe

    • Sachin Apiah September 21, 2013 at 6:16 pm #

      Do your own home work..

  3. aditi November 5, 2012 at 4:34 pm #

    please write a description on mother or father.

  4. Soham November 25, 2012 at 11:59 pm #

    thank you

    • madhukunjbharti December 13, 2012 at 9:42 pm #

      for what are you saying thankyou to them

      • Vasant Navnit February 28, 2013 at 2:08 pm #

        For providing high quality educational material of course. It deserves appreciation. ;)

  5. yash agarwal December 6, 2012 at 12:17 pm #

    please write factual description on house on fire

  6. Darshan Dev December 13, 2012 at 12:23 am #

    Thank you

  7. madhukunjbharti December 13, 2012 at 9:35 pm #

    can you write a description that is a fact on a short half story like -a aeroplane hijacked and the persons managed to get rid of it…………………………………..

    • heffleygoof July 20, 2013 at 1:29 pm #

      *an aeroplane

  8. Manjul Joshi January 10, 2013 at 12:07 pm #


  9. sid March 6, 2013 at 11:36 pm #


  10. laura March 21, 2013 at 3:39 pm #

    example contains 96 words

  11. varun April 28, 2013 at 11:32 am #


  12. Sanjana Saini June 21, 2013 at 1:31 pm #

    Any ideas for how to write a factual description on an incident that occured.

  13. Manpreet Singh July 5, 2013 at 11:00 pm #

    GREAT POST! :)

  14. Vaibhav Gupta July 16, 2013 at 12:47 pm #

    We have a project of english in which we have to write a factual description on conservation of water . Is it possible to do so ??

  15. rishike August 29, 2013 at 5:51 pm #

    can u give a description of house? maximum 80 words!

  16. Fathimath Shahanaz June 9, 2014 at 7:24 pm #

    Nice helpfull

  17. srihari August 27, 2014 at 8:04 pm #


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